Solar oven: Abdoulaye Touré creates a solar cooker made in Senegal
Africa is on the move, but the continent suffers daily from a lack of access to electricity. To cook their meals, people massively use firewood, which has disastrous consequences on the environment. Excessive use of this wood, without reforestation, leads to deforestation.
To improve people’s living conditions, the teacher and school principal in Sinthiou-Garba, Abdoulaye Toure had the idea of creating a solar oven for cooking food. This solar cooker is a great ecological alternative to deforestation and the energy crisis.
“We must be like the Japanese, like the Chinese, because today we are in the”’ arena of development,” so we must create African technology while preserving our environment and our cultures and be pioneers in it”
In 1900, he created his first prototype. At first, when he started creating his first oven, people thought he was crazy. He had to hide with his wife and a friend to make the first attempts. The most beautiful moment that marked him was when they managed to leather their first chickens. But the problem was that the cooking was too slow..
In 1992, he launched his development project. He distributes more than a hundred of them to the people of the village. Thanks to the contribution of the women who used it, he was able to identify the advantages and disadvantages of his device to improve it..
How does the solar oven work?
Solar oven collects solar energy and converts it into heat. The aluminium body concentrates the sun’s rays. To prevent the outer shell from heating up, there is a larger, insulated box. This solar cooker is very useful for food preparation. No more need for firewood, we use the sun which is abundant in Africa.
Setting up training to use the solar oven.
Entrepreneur Abdoulaye Toure always goes to the villages in Senegal to train them and explain the benefits of the solar oven..
- First, it introduces them to the different functionalities of the oven.
- Secondly, he shows people in villages how to make their own solar oven.
For the manufacture of these furnaces, he shared his technological knowledge with the Derklé Research and Testing Centre (CRE), which offers training to 13 carpenters and 20 women in the region.
The inhabitants are conquered by the solar oven..
“Every morning, I take out my solar cooker and wait for the sun to cook for me. Cooking is slow, so I no longer fear that the bottom of the pan will burn, I just have to move the oven from time to time to time to follow the sun’s rays,” Ndong told IPS.
“As a family man, the oven saves me money,” says Diouf. “, affirme Diouf.
Price and functionality of the Solar Oven.
Aware that life is not easy in Africa. The cost of the furnaces is lower than that of a conventional furnace.
- Price is 76 € excluding subsidy (about 50 000 F CFA).
- The rate is $20 if it is subsidized by the Global Environment Facility.
- The life of the furnace is 10 years if properly maintained.
- For a temperature of: 110 °C up to more than 200 °C for new models.
- The disadvantage is that it cannot be used when it rains and some people find that cooking is slow. The creator of this invention is working on these different issues to create new and even more satisfying models.
Success. Prizes and awards
Thanks to his invention, 14,200 households living in Senegal are equipped with solar ovens to prepare their meals. This invention was beneficial in improving their living conditions.
It has received many requests from other African countries such as Burkina Faso, Niger, Mauritania.
Our African entrepreneurial teacher has received many awards and honours.
- 1st prize of the President of the Republic of Invention and Innovation in 1998 (Senegal)
- the CIPEA (International Centre for the Creation of Enterprise in Africa) award in 1999
- 1st prize at the Techno-foire in Tambacoumba (Senegal-Oriental) in 2001.
- November 12, 2016, he was elevated to the rank of Knight of the National Order of Leo.
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What is your opinion on this solar invention?
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